Trastornos Alimenticios

Trastornos Alimenticios

Las anoréxicas y bulímicas suelen seguir los mismos tipos de tratamiento y es habitual verlas juntas en los grupos de terapia. Esto es así porque la anorexia y la bulimia tienen una gran relación, y es probable que las afectadas pasen de un desorden a otro.

La terapia se centra en los hechos subyacentes que causan que la paciente desarrolle estos comportamientos, así como en los síntomas alimenticios actuales.

14 pistas para detectar la anorexia

  • Las cantidades de alimentos son cada vez más pequeñas.
  • Evita las comidas familiares, argumentando que tiene que estudiar, que le duele la cabeza o el estómago o que ya ha comido fuera.
  • Su humor empieza a cambiar. Se irrita con facilidad. Alterna cambios de ánimo que van de la depresión a la euforia.
  • La pérdida de peso empieza a ser aparente y no existe una causa concreta que lo justifique. Aumenta su actividad física, deporte y está siempre activa.
  • Desea preparar la comida y cocina para toda la familia.
  • Empieza a poseer un elevado conocimiento de los alimentos, su valor nutricional, sus calorías, etc.
  • Niega incesantemente que tenga un problema con la alimentación.
  • Se aisla cada vez más de la familia y amigos.
  • Duerme poco y su capacidad de concentración disminuye.
  • Nunca reconoce que está adelgazando, y asegura que está gorda/o.
  • Cada vez que come va al baño.
  • Juega con el plato y desmenuza los alimentos.
  • Empieza a restringir su alimentación, evitando cierto tipo de alimentos considerados calóricos.

El tratamiento de los trastornos de la alimentación debe ser multidisciplinario: aspectos nutricionales, psicoterapia, terapia familiar, farmacoterapia, son varias de las medidas que hay que adoptar frente a una anoréxica. Además, la detección precoz siempre juega a favor del paciente. La forma más popular de tratamiento es la terapia psicológica, a menudo psicoterapia de grupo o terapia cognitivo comportamental.

El tratamiento de los trastornos de la alimentación debe ser multidisciplinario: aspectos nutricionales, psicoterapia, terapia familiar, farmacoterapia, son varias de las medidas que hay que adoptar frente a una anoréxica. Además, la detección precoz siempre juega a favor del paciente. La forma más popular de tratamiento es la terapia psicológica, a menudo psicoterapia de grupo o terapia cognitivo comportamental.

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